The speaking test contains 1 part. You will be on your own with twoexaminers. You
will begin witha presentation based on a short written documentand it will be
followed bya discussion with the examiners.
You will be given 30 minutes for preparation and the oral exam will last for 20 minutes
(10 minutes of presentation and 10 minutes of discussion). This part is worth 25
LE MONOLOGUE SUIVI: DEFENSE D’UN POINT DE VUE ARGUMENTE
The oral presentation requires thorough preparation. You will not only be
assessed on your speaking skills but also on your ability toraise important pointsfrom the document and express your opinion.
30 minutes is a very short time to complete this task. That is why it is necessary
that youtrain effectivelybefore the exam andacquire good reflexes. The framework
of your presentation is worth 7 points. Grille d’évaluation p2/2
Stage 1: General approach and Brainstorming
• On the first reading, identify the nature of the text,
the sources, the type and the common theme (most of the time a title is given for
the document providing a hint).
• On the second reading, bring out the theme and select the
main points on which you will work out your plan.
• Afterwards, think of as many ideas, points and examples as possible to use in
You will be expected to express your opinionbyreferring to examplesfrom foreign
or French current affairs and from your own experiences. Once you have noted your
main ideas, work out how to convey your key points effectively.
Stage 2: Making a plan
Different types of plans may be considered:
• The argumentative plan: you introduce a false assertion then you disprove
this argument and you propose a different one.
• The question plan: you introduce and illustrate a premise then you analyse the
causes of the problem and you suggest solutions and their feasibility based on your
• The balanced discussion plan: at first you give the points in favour of the statement,
then you make the points against the statement and you conclude with your own opinion.
• The thematic plan: you present a topic from different angles and you give your
You will choose a plan after reading the document. This is why it is important
to understand their type (comparative, informative or argumentative) from scratch.
Stage 3: Introduction
The way you introduce your presentation is essential and you must take into account
the following steps.
Firstly, you present the document which was handed in to you byciting their sources(the magazine or newspaper’s title, the author and the date).
Secondly, youbring out the issuewith a direct or indirect question.
Finally,you outline your plan. Although this outline should not be too artificial,
the examiner must be able to follow the logic of your presentation.You may use for
• Dans un premier temps…
When you introduce your plan,do not forget to use the future tense.
Even though you may think that such an introduction is too fastidious, it is nonetheless
the best way to give the examiners a good impression and consequently a good mark.
Although it isout of the question to draft all the talk, I suggest you to write
some or all the introduction as we can be easily put off by stress at the beginning
of the presentation.
Stage 4: Development
The speaking part includes elements which are inseparable from the act of communication.
Obviously you will pay attention to your pronunciation and your intonation but you
will also use a specific metalanguage associated with speech.
First of all,the examiners must feel concernedbyand I dare say engaged in what
you are presenting. Therefore, it is good to use theimperative with “nous” :
• Examinons maintenant les causes de…
• Notons que…
• Prenons l’exemple de…
The examiners should not have to make an effort to follow your train of thought
and arguments. What’s more, theuse of logical connectorsis essential throughout
your presentation and you should learn 3 or 4 connectors for each function.
As I said before you must not draft all the presentation and that is why you
should write what is the most important to remember.
• First givea titleto your different parts
• Then in each of them you write yourkey words, argumentsandexamples.
• and write an explicit transition when you go from one part to another:
Abordons maintenant dans une deuxième partie les raisons de...
Moreover, you should pay particular attention to your ideas when you will express
your opinion. As I said before, you need to articulate your ideas usingprecise examplesand not generalities unless you want the examiners to get bored! When you can connect
your ideas to the French news, it is even better. Find a way of surprising the examiners.
Stage 5: conclusion
To finish with a good presentation, the conclusion must be short and effective.
You may write it down if you do not feel confident enough.
• At first, summarize briefly the content of your presentation in a few lines. You
can introduce them with the following:
Par conséquent, nous avons constaté que...
En résumé je me permettrai de rappeler que...
• Then, it is worth broadening the issue with a new question.
• Thirdly, you thank the audience for their attention and invite the examiners toask questions:
Je vous remercie de votre attention et je suis désormais disposé à répondre à vos
Do not say : Voilà, c’est fini. J’ai fini.
EXERCICE EN INTERACTION: DEBAT
After Stating your opinion based on the document, the examiner will ask you
questions or present opposing arguments. You will need to respond and defend or moderate
your ideas. Whatever you opinion is, the examiner will not judge it. It is the way
you say it that is important. This part is worth 6 points.